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Что такое разрядный двигатель

Тепловые, электроракетные двигатели и энергоустановки летательных аппаратов

Авторы

Ермошкин Ю. М. 1 * , Галайко В. Н. 2 * , Ким В. П. 3 * , Кочев Ю. В. 1 * , Меркурьев Д. В. 3 * , Остапущенко А. А. 2 * , Попов Г. А. 3 * , Смирнов П. Г. 3 * , Шилов Е. А. 3 * , Якимов Е. Н. 1 *

1. Информационные спутниковые системы, ИСС, ул. Ленина, 62, Железногорск, Красноярский край, 862972, Россия
2. Научно-производственный центр «Полюс», пр. Кирова, 56в, Томск, 634050, Россия
3. Московский авиационный институт (национальный исследовательский университет), Волоколамское шоссе, 4, Москва, A-80, ГСП-3, 125993, Россия

Аннотация

Представлены результаты исследования переходных процессов в разрядной цепи при запусках двигателя СПД-140Д разработки опытного конструкторского бюро «Факел» при его работе с системой преобразования и управления (СПУ), разработанной научно-производственным центром «Полюс». Поскольку основной разряд в СПД является мощным потребителем энергии бортовой системы электропитания, необходима организация запуска двигателя, обеспечивающая достаточно мягкий выход разрядных параметров двигателя на номинальный режим. Полученные результаты позволили разработать имитационную модель разряда и имитатор двигателя СПД-140Д как электрической нагрузки. Кроме того, выявлены особенности изменения разрядных параметров, представляющие научный интерес. В статье приводится описание отмеченных особенностей и их обсуждение.

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Библиографический список

Козубский К.Н., Мурашко В.М., Рылов Ю.П., Трифонов Ю.В., Ходненко В.П., Ким В., Попов Г.А., Обухов В.А. СПД работают в космосе // Физика плазмы. 2003. Т. 29. № 3. С. 277-292.

Архипов А.С., Ким В.П., Сидоренко Е.К. Стационарные плазменные двигатели Морозова. – М.: Изд-во МАИ, 2012. – 291 с.

Ким В.П. Конструктивные признаки и особенности рабочих процессов в современных стационарных плазменных двигателях Морозова // Журнал технической физики. 2015. Т. 85. № 3. С. 45-59.

Ким В.П., Грдличко Д.П., Меркурьев Д.В., Смирнов П.Г., Шилов Е.А. Исследование характеристик стационарного плазменного двигателя на режимах работы с высокими разрядными напряжениями // Вестник Московского авиационного института. Т. 22. № 4. 2015. С. 53-66.

Бойкачев В.Н., Гусев Ю.Г., Жасан В.С., Ким В.П., Мартынов М.Б., Мурашко В.М., Нестерин И.М., Пильников А.В., Попов Г.А. О возможности создания электроракетной двигательной установки мощностью 10. 30 кВт на базе двухрежимного двигателя СПД-140Д // Космическая техника и технологии. 2014. № 1(4). С. 48-59.

Морозов А.И., Есипчук Ю.В., Капулкин А.М., Невровский В.А., Смирнов В.А. Азимутально-несимметричные колебания и аномальная проводимость в ускорителях с замкнутым дрейфом электронов (УЗДП) // Журнал технической физики. 1973. Т. XLIII. № 5. С. 972-982.

Ким В. О влиянии эффектов запаздывания на развитие низкочастотных колебаний в ускорителе с замкнутым дрейфом электронов // Источники и ускорители плазмы: Межвуз. темат. сб. науч. тр. – Харьков: ХАИ, 1980. Вып. 4. С. 47-53.

Немного о разряде – заряде

Эти процессы характеризуются напряжением батареи. Наверное, многие слышали, что напряжение на автомобильном аккумуляторе 12В, это не совсем правильно. Нормальный параметр это – 12,7В. Это своего рода 100% заряда.

Сильный разряд это примерно 10,5 — 11,0В, при таких параметрах вы уже не запустите свой авто. Это своего рода минимальный порог. Конечно, можно разрядить в ноль, то есть 0 Вольт, это и будет глубоким параметром.

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